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Millennium Development Goals

In 2000, 189 Heads of State and Government signed the Millennium Declaration leading to the formulation of 8 development goals to be achieved between 1990 and 2015.

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In 2000, 189 Heads of State and Government signed the Millennium Declaration leading to the formulation of 8 development goals to be achieved between 1990 and 2015.

 

ODM

 

The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) can be summarised as follows:

1- To reduce extreme poverty and hunger by half.
2- To ensure primary schooling for every child.
3- To promote gender equality.
4- To reduce child mortality by two thirds.
5- To reduce maternal mortality by three quarters.
6- To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other serious diseases.
7- To guarantee environmental sustainability.
8- To create a worldwide partnership for development.

 

Feature Publication

Screen shot 2011-12-14 at 3.59.17 PM

Guide to MGDs Worldwide

 

The Millennium Declaration was drawn up on the basis of the commitments made by the international community in the 1990s at a series of conferences and summits on human rights, children’s rights, sexual and reproductive rights, the right to housing, the environment, social development, equality and equity.
The 1995, United Nations Summit for Social Development acknowledged that poverty could be eradicated and adopted a strategy based on a comprehensive concept of development encompassing poverty, full employment and social inclusion.
Civil society took an active stance where these conferences were concerned, appealing to their governments to adopt scheduled commitments.
However, the results of the world’s efforts to achieve the MDGs are still far from satisfactory. In his speech to the United Nations on the 31st of July 2007, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown said that “we are a million miles away from success”.

 

 

Everyone must honour the commitments made!

Encouraging results:

• The proportion of people living in extreme poverty fell from almost a third to less than a fifth between 1990 and 2004. If the trend continues, the goal of poverty reduction will be achieved worldwide and in the majority of regions;
• The number of people living in extreme poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa ceased to increase significantly and the poverty rate has fallen by 6% since 2000. However, at this rate, the region will not be able to achieve the goal of reducing poverty by half;
• Some progress has been made in drawing more children into the education systems in developing countries. The number of children attending primary school rose from 80% in 1991 to 88% in 2005. Most of this progress was achieved from 1999 onwards;
• The number of women involved in politics has been rising, albeit slowly. Even in countries where previously only men could hold political office, there are now women with parliamentary seats;
• Child mortality has fallen worldwide and the success of certain health measures, such as the fight against measles, is now becoming evident;
• The fight against malaria has been intensified in recent years;
• The tuberculosis epidemic is finally showing a slight downward trend, although not sufficiently so for the 2015 goal to be achieved.

 

However, huge challenges still remain if the MDGs are to be achieved by the planned date:

• Every year, over half a million women still die from easily treatable or preventable diseases and complications during pregnancy and childbirth. In Sub-Saharan Africa, the probability of a woman dying from these causes is 1 in 16, compared to a ratio of 1 in 3,800 in developed countries;
• Should the current trend continues, the goal of reducing the proportion of underweight children by half will fall short by 30 million, mainly due to the poor progress made in southern Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa;
• The number of people dying from HIV/AIDS worldwide rose to 2.9 million in 2006, and preventative measures have proven to be incapable of containing the spread of the epidemic. In 2005, over 15 million children had lost one or both parents to HIV/AIDS;
• Half of the population in developing countries does not have access to basic sanitation. If the trend noted since 1990, continues, the goal of guaranteeing basic sanitation to over 1.6 billion people between 2005 and 2015 will fall short by some 600 million;
• In part, these situations reflect the fact that the benefits of economic growth in developing countries have been distributed unequally;
• The majority of economies have failed in the promotion of job opportunities for young people who are three times more likely to be unemployed than adults;
• Climate change is now an unavoidable reality. Emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), the primary cause of climate change, rose from 23 billion metric tonnes in 1990 to 29 billion in 2004. Climate change will make a severe social and economic impact which will hinder progress as far as the MDGs are concerned.

 

Sources:

www.unmilleniumproject.org

 

 

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