Private Area

Reducing disaster risk in Mozambique: Flood warning systems, drought and cyclones

Friday, 31 August 2012 11:21
To reinforce and consolidate the resilience, preparedness and response capacities against natural disasters, at community level, thus minimizing the impacts, both in human and economic terms, is what aim this new Oikos Project in Mozambique.

Lasting 36 months, the project will be implemented in six communities in two districts of Nampula Province: Mossuril and Ilha de Moçambique. Historically, these two districts have been affected by emergencies, including hurricanes and floods. These conditions require a public informed, attentive and able to manage the risk of these disasters, reducing the damage caused by them. It is to answer these questions that arises the need for this project.

 

For this, Oikos, together with two local partners, will replicate the experiences of previous projects in new locations, with the goal of creating a "model-community" approach in terms of risk management of natural disasters, and the response to them. To this end, an Early Warning System (EWS) will be tested and implemented in 6 new communities, enabling them to predict and prepare with more advance for extreme events.

 

For the management of this network, Oikos' strategy is building the capacity, through training, of communities and local authorities, including the establishment of 6 new Local Risk Management Committees (LRMC), which includes the participation of different social actors.

 

Fishing is the main source of food and income for the majority of families in the two districts in combination with farming of a few key staple crops like cassava, beans and corn. The dependence on fishing makes coastal families more vulnerable to shocks caused by natural disasters. In the other hand, local crops exposed to high winds during the cyclical cyclone season means high risk of food reserves losses. To minimize this, mainstreaming disaster risk management into agriculture activities, through training and support of the agriculture services and introduction of short cycle seeds.

 

Oikos has been working in this province during the last years through two interventions funded by the European Commission. Through these projects, it has already done an important effort supporting the establishment of an Early Warning System, training all actors in the system, including the establishment of Local Risk Management Committees. It has been introduced also the concept of risk preparedness through awareness activities, protection of houses, familiar silos and water sources. In the other hand, activities focusing food security for prone areas to high winds through the introduction of short cycle seeds (in partnership with FAO) have been also carried out.

 

A total of 30.482 people will be directly benefited from this project.

See the Project:

  

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