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Total area: 112,090 km²
Population: 8,143,564
HDI rank: 106; HDI value: 0.604
Population living below the poverty line: 48%
GDP per capita: €2,048
Life expectancy: 70 years
Illiteracy rate (women): 19.8%
Illiteracy rate (men): 20.2%
Infant mortality: 22.44/1,000
Fertility rate: 3.09 children/woman
Access to drinking water: 87 %


Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades marked in the main by the military dictatorship, the first civilian government to be elected took office in 1982. However, high levels of insecurity (one of the highest in the region) unemployment and poverty still remain. The military regimes, corruption, badly distributed wealth, crime and natural disasters have positioned Honduras as one of Central America’s least developed countries.

Malnutrition, extreme poverty and HIV/AIDS are very widespread. Additionally, increased drug trafficking is leading the younger generations to band together in groups or gangs (called “maras”) – a problem which is deeply rooted in El Salvador – who use violence as their means of persuasion and only form of dialogue.

In 1998, the entire situation was aggravated by Hurricane Mitch, which killed over 5,000 people, destroyed 70% of homes and caused damage to the tune of two billion dollars. With the country making very slow progress, many turn to emigration as their primary escape route.

Source: Human Development Report - UNDP; The World Factbook; Human Development Report - UNDP


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