Private Area
Cuba 1 1


Total area: 1,285,216 Km2
Population: 29.2 million
HDI rank: 63; HDI value: 0.723
Population living below the poverty line: 34.8%
GDP per capita: 9,000 USD PPP
Life expectancy: 73.7 years
Illiteracy rate (women): 17.9%
Illiteracy rate (men): 6.5%
Infant mortality rate: 22.1/1,000
Fertility rate: 2.32 children/woman
Access to drinking water: 62%


The fight against poverty, the strengthening of public institutions and the creation of an increasingly robust and competitive economy have become the major challenges facing the Peruvian government.
Social matters have gradually been receiving special attention.

It is estimated that some 38% of Peruvians are poor, 18.1% of whom live in extreme poverty. The total eradication of extreme poverty directly depends upon solid, clearly defined strategies that take the specific aspects of the Peruvian reality into account.
Education and health are two of the Peruvian government’s priorities. Where the first is concerned, and despite an improvement in the literacy rate, which rose from 94.5% in 1990 to 97.6% in 2005, it is estimated that only 86% of children reach Year 5.

Improvements in the health sector are equally in evidence: the infant mortality rate dropped from 58 per 1000 live-births in 1990 to 26 in 2003; an increase in the number of births attended by medical staff, up from 49.6% in 1996 to 59% in 2000; and a drop in the number of cases of diseases such as malaria (down from 754 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants in 1997 to 305 in 2001) and tuberculosis (210 cases in 1994 against 115 in 2001).


However, the incidence rate of people infected with HIV/AIDS rose from 0.4% in 2001 to 0.5% in 2003.


Currently, the Peruvian population has better access to sanitary services and drinking water. There is also greater awareness of the importance of sustained development and this will be made all the more possible as the long-term strategies and partnerships outlined by the Peruvian government become increasingly effective.

Source: Human Development Report - UNDP; The World Factbook; Human Development Report - UNDP


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